Vertebroplasty is a minimum-invasive treatment for vertebral body fractures. In this operation, bone cement is injected into the vertebra body. The operation is performed under anaesthesia. The patients will usually be symptom-free after a short time.
Kyphoplasty is a minimum-invasive procedure for the treatments of vertebral fractures in the thoracic and lumbar spine regions. Kyphoplasty is used primarily for osteoporosis patients.
In kyphoplasty operation, a balloon is injected into the ruptured vertebral body via a stab incision. A bone cement is subsequently injected into the balloon cavity, thus stabilizing the vertebra. The procedure is performed in prone position, mostly under general anaesthesia. Following the operation, the patient can usually move again immediately, without suffering much pain.
Intervertebral Disc Surgery
The intervertebral discs act as a kind of shock absorbers between the vertebrae. In their inner part, there is a gelatinous core, which is enclosed by a fibrous ring. The fibre ring locks the intervertebral disc in place.
If the spine is stressed or if the disc loses its elasticity, the fibrous ring may crack. This can lead to the gelatinous core to bulge outwards. When the gelatinous core breaks through the fibrous ring, it means that we have a herniated disc. The herniated disc occurs mostly in the lumbar spine.
In the large majority of patients, the symptoms can be cured with the aid of conservative therapies. If conservative treatment proves unsuccessful and the herniated disc triggers paralysis, disc surgery is unavoidable in most cases.
Spondylosis is a surgical procedure in which two or more vertebral bodies of the cervical, thoracic or lumbar vertebrae are reinforced. In spinal fusion procedures, screws are inserted into the vertebral body. These are interconnected by rods or metal plates. The operation can prevent or eliminate instability of the spine.